SOCIO-ECONOMICS

It is well known that technological and research laboratories lead to spin-off activities. In these spin-off activities the results of the technological development finds its application into industry and society. This aspect is often not too clearly defined at the beginning. We see a number of obvious benefits for our industrial partners. The development of the conversion of light pulses into electric pulses and the development of the low-power chip development will lead to benefits to them already at a relative short time interval. For Aqualectra for example, which produces water and electricity for Curaçao. Our mapping of the thermal pattern of the island may lead to a sustainable and renewable source of energy.

The first antenna at Curaçao will require a local laboratory, which creates a sustainable economic development by about 40-50 jobs. If this laboratory becomes a centre for communication the other antennas, this number will increase. It is clear that at this moment there are insufficient trained scientist and ICT technologist to man such a laboratory. We have started to stimulate a programme to enhance the interest for the exact sciences among schoolchildren and at the Technical Faculty of the University of the Netherlands Antilles. Thus far there was hardly any opportunity work e.g. as a physicist on Curaçao.

This development fits well in the policy of the Netherlands Antilles who though their programme of "Islands of Education and Sophistication" like to become a centre for the Caribbean and the adjacent part of South America.

NUCLEAIR POWER

The second application of the detectors is for use with nuclear power plants. Detectors could be used to optimise the operation of these power plants and even possibly detect the status of their fuel cycle. This may also have applications in monitoring reactors within the framework of the non-proliferation treaty.

ILLICIT NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS

Nuclear explosions produce a flash of antineutrinos with an energy distribution similar to the nuclear spectrum. If the explosion is large enough, it can be detected by EARTH with a precision of 50km at a distance of 1000km.

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